Physical Fitness

California Physical Fitness Test PFT (FITNESSGRAM)

A Commitment to Health-Related Physical Fitness


California Education Code 60800 requires each school district in California to administer a physical fitness test annually to all students in grades five, seven, and nine. The State Board of Education designated the FITNESSGRAM as the Physical Fitness Test for students in California public schools. The FITNESSGRAM is a comprehensive, health-related physical fitness battery developed by the Cooper Institute.

Students who are physically unable to take the entire test are to be given as much of the test as conditions permit per the California Code of Regulations, Title 5, section 1041. FITNESSGRAM provides a number of options for each fitness area so that all students, including students with disabilities, have the maximum opportunity to participate in these tests.

Physical Fitness Testing (PFT) via Cooper Institute's FITNESSGRAM


The primary goal of the FITNESSGRAM® is to help students establish physical activity as part of their daily lives. The PFT provides information that can be used by

(1) students to assess and plan personal fitness programs;

(2) teachers to design the curriculum for physical education programs; and

(3) parents and guardians to understand their children’s fitness levels.

This program also provides results that are used to monitor changes in the physical fitness of California students.

FITNESSGRAM® tests the following six fitness areas. Most of these areas have several options.

  1. Aerobic Capacity
  • PACER (Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run)
  • One-Mile Run
  • Walk Test (only for ages 13 or older)
  1. Abdominal Strength and Endurance
  • Curl-Up
  1. Upper Body Strength and Endurance
  • Push-Up
  • Modified Pull-Up
  • Flexed-Arm Hang
  1. Body Composition
  • Skinfold Measurements
  • Body Mass Index
  • Bioelectric Impedance Analyzer
  1. Trunk Extensor Strength and Flexibility
  • Trunk Lift
  1. Flexibility
  • Back-Saver Sit and Reach
  • Shoulder Stretch

The FITNESSGRAM® uses objective criteria to evaluate performance for each fitness area (e.g., body composition, abdominal strength, and endurance). The Cooper Institute established these criteria using current research and expert opinions. These criteria represent a level of fitness that offers some protection against the diseases associated with physical inactivity.

Important Dates:
See Assessment Calendar:


Forms, Documents and Presentations
2019 Physical Fitness Forms, Documents and Presentations...Read more